in , and Timothy Tennent’s analysis of Upadhyay’s theology (Building. Christianity on Indian Foundations: The Legacy of Brahmabandhab Upadhyay). Animananda, B. R. The Blade: Life and Work of Brahmabandhab Upadhyay. A Hindu-Catholic: Brahmabandhab Upadhyay’s Significance for Indian Christian. Brahmabandhab Upadhyaya (). Born Bhabanicharan Bandyopadhyaya in Khanyan, Hugli, Brahmabandhab was a fiery patriot from an early age.

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A forgotten prophet Ashish Alexander Brahmabandhab Upadhyay I N the sixtieth year of Independence, the nation looks forward to build on the struggles and sacrifices of freedom fighters, social reformers and entrepreneurs. It is also the time to reflect on the lives and thoughts of those revolutionaries whose names are not so readily remembered.

Year marks the death centenary of Bengali firebrand reformer, educationist, theologian, journalist, teacher and revolutionary Brahmabandhab Upadhyay. The man has fallen into oblivion though once the force of his personality was felt and acknowledged by the stalwarts of Bengali renaissance such as Rabindranath Tagore, Swami Vivekananda, Keshabchandra Sen and Aurobindo Ghosh.

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Upadhyay was born as Bhabanicharan Bandhopadhyay on February 11, in Khanyan village.

Brahmabandhab Upadhyaya

He lost his mother when he was about one-year-old. But the politics of petition did not convince him. He had already been an active member of Brahmo Samaj with brahmabbandhab deep regard for Keshabchandra Sen, whom he called the greatest Indian of his time. So while his classmate Narendranath, better known as Swami Vivekananda, moved towards the mystic Ramakrishna Paramhansa, Bhabhani became a Brahmo preacher.

Like many of his contemporaries the desire to establish national brahmabwndhab was coupled with a spiritual quest. He went to Sind as a Brahmo missionary in On the bookshelf of his dying father Bhabhani spotted Catholic Belief by Faa di Bruno which he read through the night.

He, however, remained in dress and food habits, a thorough Brahmin, saffron-clad, student of Vedanta, a veritable Hindu sannyasi. In his writing he continued to expound the wisdom of Vedas and Vedanta even as he delved into the neo-Thomist catholic theology. In he wrote in Sophiaa journal he founded and edited, “We are Hindu so far as our physical and mental constitution is concerned, but in regard to our immortal souls we are Catholics.


This ambivalence, however, was his nemesis. He continued to grow vociferous and extremely vitriolic against the firangi with passing time.

Owing to his anti-British writings he was charged with sedition and was tried. During this time he underwent a hernia operation but due to complications died on 27 October Lipner has called him, “an enigma of modern India Like all trailblazers who make disconcerting and brave choices Brahmabandhab defies boundaries. But the questions, about national identity and national destiny that he brahmabajdhab and sought to answer have not exhausted their force and relevance.

A forgotten prophet Ashish Alexander Brahmabandhab Upadhyay.